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Socioeconomic and ecological challenges of small-scale fishing and strategies for its sustainable management: a case study of the Old Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh

Ahmed, Nesar and Rahman, Sanzidur and Bunting, Stuart W and Brugere, Cecile (2013) 'Socioeconomic and ecological challenges of small-scale fishing and strategies for its sustainable management: a case study of the Old Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh.' Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 34 (1). pp. 86-102. ISSN 0129-7619

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Abstract

Socio-economic and ecological challenges faced by the small-scale fishers dependent on the Old Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh are assessed using a combination of questionnaire survey, co-monitoring of fish catch, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. Results reveal that the fishers are involved in professional, seasonal or subsistence fishing. Fish catches from the river have declined significantly because of overfishing, destructive use of fishing gear, water pollution, siltation, rapid urbanization and human encroachment, thereby threatening the health of the river ecosystem as well as the future of small-scale fishing. We evaluate various social, economic and ecological challenges faced by the fisher communities. We propose a conceptual framework that recognizes linkages among social, economic and ecological aspects in devising a sustainable river fisheries management system. We recommend effective legal enforcement of policies and regulations, strong institutional collaboration and active fisher community participation in management to ensure sustainable use of the resource base.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: small-scale fishing; socio-economic; ecological; sustainable fisheries management; Old Brahmaputra River; Bangladesh
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2014 22:14
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2014 22:14
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/10124

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