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Impacts of naturally elevated soil CO<inf>2</inf> concentrations on communities of soil archaea and bacteria

Šibanc, N and Dumbrell, AJ and Mandić-Mulec, I and Maček, I (2014) 'Impacts of naturally elevated soil CO<inf>2</inf> concentrations on communities of soil archaea and bacteria.' Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 68. 348 - 356. ISSN 0038-0717

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Abstract

There is a limited understanding of the importance of abiotic factors in regulating biodiversity and structure of many functionally important soil microbial communities. In this paper we present a molecular characterisation of archaeal and bacterial communities, exposed to long-term change in soil abiotic environment at natural CO2 springs (mofettes), using T-RFLP profiling and examination of 16S rRNA clone libraries. Our results show major shifts in archaeal and bacterial communities towards anaerobic and methanogenic taxa dominating in CO2 rich hypoxic soils with a significant increase in abundance of Methanomicrobia and predominantly anaerobic Chloroflexi and Firmicutes. O2 concentration in soil was consistently shown to be the strongest predictor of the compositional changes across both the archaeal and bacterial communities. However, soil pH and total N, were most important in separating the archaeal communities in transition and control zones, but not the bacterial communities. We conclude that geological CO2 induced hypoxia in mofette systems can cause major shifts in community composition of soil microbes that can generate significant implications for ecosystem functioning (e.g. nutrient cycling and CH4 production). Our data indicate that mofettes offer a good model system for studying the response of natural microbial communities to long-term environmental changes, which is urgently needed to address the bias towards macro-organisms in soil biodiversity research. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2014 13:05
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2019 21:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/10218

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