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Heme b in marine phytoplankton and particulate material from the North Atlantic Ocean

Honey, DJ and Gledhill, M and Bibby, TS and Legiret, FE and Pratt, NJ and Hickman, AE and Lawson, T and Achterberg, EP (2013) 'Heme b in marine phytoplankton and particulate material from the North Atlantic Ocean.' Marine Ecology Progress Series, 483. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0171-8630

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Concentrations of heme b, the iron-containing prosthetic group of many hemoproteins, were measured in 6 species of marine phytoplankton (Dunaliella tertiolecta, Emiliania huxleyi, Thalassiosira weissflogii, T. oceanica, Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Synechococcus sp. WH7803) that were subjected to variations in iron concentration. Changes in heme b in response to reduced light and nitrate were also ex amined for E. huxleyi and T. oceanica. Results from laboratory cultures were compared with heme b determined in particulate material in the North Atlantic. In cultures, heme b made up 18 ± 14% (SE) of the total iron pool. Reduced iron and nitrate concentrations resulted in a decreased intracellular heme b concentration, expressed as per mole carbon. Chlorophyll a (chl a) to heme b ratios in E. huxleyi and D. tertiolecta in creased in response to limited light and nutrient availability, but slightly decreased or did not change in the diatoms and the cyanophyte Synechococcus sp. WH7803. The heme b:particulate organic carbon (POC) and chl a:heme b ratios in the North Atlantic were within the range observed in phytoplankton cultures. In the surface mixed layer, decreases in heme b:POC ratios were linked to decreases in nutrient concentrations. Chl a:heme b ratios increased with depth and were thus primarily affected by light availability. Relative relationships between heme b, chl a and POC in the North Atlantic likely represented a change in the ability of cells to undertake cellular processes driven by chl a (light harvesting) and heme b (e.g. electron transport) according to ambient light and nutrient conditions. © Inter-Research 2013.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hemoprotein; Iron; Electron transport; Cytochrome; Nutrient limitation; Celtic Sea
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2014 15:11
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:04

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