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Local Labor Markets and Caseload Decline in Louisiana in the 1990s*

Lee, MA and Harvey, M and Neustrom, A (2002) 'Local Labor Markets and Caseload Decline in Louisiana in the 1990s*.' Rural sociology, 67 (4). pp. 556-577. ISSN 0036-0112

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Abstract

Efforts to explain declines in welfare caseloads in the 1990s focus on three factors (economic opportunity, welfare policy, and demographic characteristics) and produce mixed results. Although several recent studies consider state differences, few consider local differences within states. Failure to control for caseload persistence and within-state variation in program implementation may be one reason why studies produce contradictory results regarding the effect of economic conditions on caseload decline. Using data for Louisiana parishes from 1991 to 1998, we analyze local caseload decline. Our results support other researchers' finding of a ?threat effect? before 1996 welfare reform; they indicate that, all else being equal, reducing caseloads will be most difficult in nonadjacent nonmetropolitan parishes and easiest in adjacent nonmetropolitan parishes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2015 10:25
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:19
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/10418

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