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The role of the Cys-X-X-X-Cys motif on the kinetics of cupric ion loading to the Streptomyces lividans Sco protein

Blundell, Katie LIM and Wilson, Michael T and Vijgenboom, Erik and Worrall, Jonathan AR (2013) 'The role of the Cys-X-X-X-Cys motif on the kinetics of cupric ion loading to the Streptomyces lividans Sco protein.' Dalton Transactions, 42 (29). p. 10608. ISSN 1477-9226

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The mechanisms and spectroscopic properties generated by intermediate states upon cupric ion binding to flexible peptide motifs in proteins are of considerable interest. One such motif is the Cys-X-X-X-Cys motif characteristic to members of the Sco family of proteins. In the antibiotic producing bacterium, Streptomyces lividans, a role for its Sco protein (ScoSl) as a cupric metallochaperone to the extracytoplasmic CuA domain of cytochrome c oxidase has been revealed. Stopped-flow kinetic studies have revealed a mechanism of cupric ion capture by ScoSl, which passes through a monothiolate intermediate, with distinct spectral features. In the present study we have used two site directed mutants of ScoSl, C86A and C90A, to determine which Cys in the CXXXC motif acts as the capture ligand. Comparison of kinetic and thermodynamic parameters obtained from cupric ion binding to the C86A and C90A mutants clearly indicate that Cys86 is the capture ligand and this finding can be reconciled with structural data. At subsaturating levels of cupric ions both mutants bind copper rapidly, but the absorbance properties are distinctly different from wild type ScoSl. This is most extreme for the C86A mutant where the Cys90 thiolate bond is considered to be weaker than the Cys86 thiolate bond in the C90A mutant. We put forward an explanation for this behaviour whereby we propose that the cupric ion is moving to a second site with no thiolate coordination. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Streptomyces lividans; Ions; Copper; Electron Transport Complex IV; Bacterial Proteins; Circular Dichroism; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed; Binding Sites; Amino Acid Motifs; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Protein Binding; Kinetics
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2014 12:57
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:15

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