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Load and Pi Control Flux through the Branched Kinetic Cycle of Myosin V

Kad, Neil M and Trybus, Kathleen M and Warshaw, David M (2008) 'Load and Pi Control Flux through the Branched Kinetic Cycle of Myosin V.' Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283 (25). pp. 17477-17484. ISSN 0021-9258

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Abstract

Myosin V is a processive actin-based motor protein that takes multiple 36-nm steps to deliver intracellular cargo to its destination. In the laser trap, applied load slows myosin V heavy meromyosin stepping and increases the probability of backsteps. In the presence of 40 mm phosphate (Pi), both forward and backward steps become less load-dependent. From these data, we infer that Pi release commits myosin V to undergo a highly load-dependent transition from a state in which ADP is bound to both heads and its lead head trapped in a pre-powerstroke conformation. Increasing the residence time in this state by applying load increases the probability of backstepping or detachment. The kinetics of detachment indicate that myosin V can detach from actin at two distinct points in the cycle, one of which is turned off by the presence of Pi. We propose a branched kinetic model to explain these data. Our model includes Pi release prior to the most load-dependent step in the cycle, implying that Pi release and load both act as checkpoints that control the flux through two parallel pathways.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2011 10:29
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2011 10:29
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1062

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