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Hide and seek: The theory of mind of visual concealment and search

Anderson, Giles M and Foulsham, Tom and Nasiopoulos, Eleni and Chapman, Craig S and Kingstone, Alan (2014) 'Hide and seek: The theory of mind of visual concealment and search.' Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 76 (4). pp. 907-913. ISSN 0031-5117

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Abstract

Researchers have investigated visual search behavior for almost a century. During that time, few studies have examined the cognitive processes involved in hiding items rather than finding them. To investigate this, we developed a paradigm that allowed participants to indicate where they would hide (or find) an item that was to be found (or hidden) by a friend or a foe. We found that (i) for friends more than foes, participants selected the pop-out item in the display, and (ii) when the display was homogeneous, they selected nearby and corner items. These behaviors held for both hiding and finding, although hide and find behaviors were not identical. For pop-out displays, decision times were unusually long when hiding an item from a foe. These data converge on the conclusion that the principles of search and concealment are similar, but not the same. They also suggest that this paradigm will provide researchers a powerful method for investigating theory of mind in adults.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hiding strategies; Embodied perception; Visual search
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2014 16:33
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2022 13:56
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/11284

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