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Distinctiveness and encoding effects in online sentence comprehension

Hofmeister, Philip and Vasishth, Shravan (2014) 'Distinctiveness and encoding effects in online sentence comprehension.' Frontiers in Psychology, 5. p. 1237. ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

In explicit memory recall and recognition tasks, elaboration and contextual isolation both facilitate memory performance. Here, we investigate these effects in the context of sentence processing: targets for retrieval during online sentence processing of English object relative clause constructions differ in the amount of elaboration associated with the target noun phrase, or the homogeneity of superficial features (text color). Experiment 1 shows that greater elaboration for targets during the encoding phase reduces reading times at retrieval sites, but elaboration of non-targets has considerably weaker effects. Experiment 2 illustrates that processing isolated superficial features of target noun phrases --- here, a green word in a sentence with words colored white --- does not lead to enhanced memory performance, despite triggering longer encoding times. These results are interpreted in the light of the memory models of Nairne 1990, 2001, 2006, which state that encoding remnants contribute to the set of retrieval cues that provide the basis for similarity-based interference effects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: encoding, retrieval, interference, Similarity, Distinctiveness, sentence processing
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Language and Linguistics, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2014 11:35
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2014 11:35
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/11801

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