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Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: Similar patterns of rehearsal and similar effects of word length, presentation rate, and articulatory suppression

Bhatarah, Parveen and Ward, Geoff and Smith, Jessica and Hayes, Louise (2009) 'Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: Similar patterns of rehearsal and similar effects of word length, presentation rate, and articulatory suppression.' Memory & Cognition, 37 (5). pp. 689-713. ISSN 0090-502X

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Abstract

In five experiments, rehearsal and recall phenomena were examined using the free recall and immediate serial recall (ISR) tasks. In Experiment 1, participants were presented with lists of eight words, were precued or postcued to respond using free recall or ISR, and rehearsed out loud during presentation. The patterns of rehearsal were similar in all the conditions, and there was little difference between recall in the precued and postcued conditions. In Experiment 2, both free recall and ISR were sensitive to word length and presentation rate and showed similar patterns of rehearsal. In Experiment 3, both tasks were sensitive to word length and articulatory suppression. The word length effects generalized to 6-item (Experiment 4) and 12-item (Experiment 5) lists. These findings suggest that the two tasks are underpinned by highly similar rehearsal and recall processes. © 2009 The Psychonomic Society, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Verbal Behavior; Cues; Memory, Short-Term; Mental Recall; Verbal Learning; Serial Learning; Attention; Semantics; Practice, Psychological; Retention, Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2011 19:06
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2022 06:37
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1195

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