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Dissociating word frequency and age of acquisition: The klein effect revived (and reversed).

Dewhurst, Stephen A and Barry, Christopher (2006) 'Dissociating word frequency and age of acquisition: The klein effect revived (and reversed).' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 32 (4). pp. 919-924. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

The Klein effect (G. S. Klein, 1964) refers to the finding that high-frequency words produce greater interference in a color-naming task than low-frequency words. The present study used the Klein effect to investigate the relationship between frequency and age of acquisition (AoA) by measuring their influence on color naming. Two experiments showed reliable effects of frequency (though in the opposite direction to that reported by Klein) but no effects of AoA. Experiment 1 produced a dissociation between frequency and AoA when manipulated orthogonally. Experiment 2 produced the same dissociation using different stimuli. In contrast, both variables reliably influenced word naming. These findings are inconsistent with the view that frequency and AoA are 2 aspects of a single underlying mechanism. Copyright 2006 by the American Psychological Association.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: frequency; age of acquisition; color naming
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 21:40
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 10:55
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12387

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