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Separate effects of word frequency and age of acquisition in recognition and recall.

Dewhurst, Stephen A and Hitch, Graham J and Barry, Christopher (1998) 'Separate effects of word frequency and age of acquisition in recognition and recall.' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 24 (2). pp. 284-298. ISSN 0278-7393

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Three experiments investigated word frequency and age of acquisition (AoA) effects in recognition and recall. Experiments 1 and 2 used the "remember-know" procedure developed by J. M. Gardiner (1988). In Experiment 1, recognition performance was higher for low-frequency words than for high-frequency words and higher for late-acquired words than for early-acquired words, but only in "remember" responses. Experiment 2 replicated the AoA effect by using a different set of early- and late-acquired words. Experiment 3 found advantages for low-frequency and late-acquired words in recall, but only when words were presented in mixed lists. The frequency effect was reversed, and the AoA effect was eliminated, when participants studied pure lists. Findings were attributed to the more distinctive encoding of low-frequency and late-acquired words.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 22:25
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:57

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