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The Belief in a Just World and Immanent Justice Reasoning in Adults

Callan, Mitchell J and Ellard, John H and Nicol, Jennifer E (2006) 'The Belief in a Just World and Immanent Justice Reasoning in Adults.' Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32 (12). pp. 1646-1658. ISSN 0146-1672

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Abstract

<jats:p> Deciding that negative experiences are punishment for prior misdeeds, even when plausible causal links are missing, is immanent justice (IJ) reasoning (Piaget, 1932/1965). Three studies examined a just world theory analysis of IJ reasoning in adults (Lerner, 1980). Studies 1 and 2 varied the valence of a target person's behavior prior to them experiencing an unrelated negative (car accident, Study 1) or positive (lottery win, Study 2) outcome. Participants viewed the outcomes as the result of prior behavior most when they fit deservingness expectations (good person won the lottery, bad person injured in automobile accident), suggesting that just world concerns influenced IJ reasoning. The lottery-winning finding (Study 2) also extends IJ reasoning to positive experiences. A third study found that a manipulation of just world threat in one context (prolonged or ended suffering of an HIV victim) influenced IJ responses in a subsequent unrelated context (automobile accident scenario). </jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: belief in a just world; justice motivation; immanent justice; deservingness; moral reasoning
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2015 14:23
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:48
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12440

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