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Surface orientation, modulation frequency and the detection and perception of depth defined by binocular disparity and motion parallax

Bradshaw, MF and Hibbard, PB and Parton, AD and Rose, D and Langley, K (2006) 'Surface orientation, modulation frequency and the detection and perception of depth defined by binocular disparity and motion parallax.' Vision Research, 46 (17). 2636 - 2644. ISSN 0042-6989

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Abstract

Binocular disparity and motion parallax provide information about the spatial structure and layout of the world. Descriptive similarities between the two cues have often been noted which have been taken as evidence of a close relationship between them. Here, we report two experiments which investigate the effect of surface orientation and modulation frequency on (i) a threshold detection task and (ii) a supra-threshold depth-matching task using sinusoidally corrugated surfaces defined by binocular disparity or motion parallax. For low frequency corrugations, an orientation anisotropy was observed in both domains, with sensitivity decreasing as surface orientation was varied from horizontal to vertical. In the depth-matching task, for surfaces defined by binocular disparity the greatest depth was seen for oblique orientations. For surfaces defined by motion parallax, perceived depth was found to increase as surface orientation was varied from horizontal to vertical. In neither case was perceived depth for supra-threshold surfaces related to threshold performance in any simple manner. These results reveal clear differences between the perception of depth from binocular disparity or motion parallax, and between perception at threshold and supra-threshold levels of performance. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 21:33
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 13:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12511

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