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Isotropic integration of binocular disparity and relative motion in the perception of three-dimensional shape

Bradshaw, Mark and Hibbard, Paul (2002) 'Isotropic integration of binocular disparity and relative motion in the perception of three-dimensional shape.' Spatial Vision, 15 (2). pp. 205-217. ISSN 0169-1015

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Richards (1985) showed that veridical three-dimensional shape may be recovered from the integration of binocular disparity and retinal motion information, but proposed that this integration may only occur for horizontal retinal motion. Psychophysical evidence supporting the combination of stereo and motion information is limited to the case of horizontal motion (Johnson et al., 1994), and has been criticised on the grounds of potential object boundary cues to shape present in the stimuli. We investigated whether veridical shape can be recovered under more general conditions. Observers viewed cylinders that were defined by binocular disparity, two-frame motion or a combination of disparity and motion, presented at simulated distances of 30 cm, 90 cm or 150 cm. Horizontally and vertically oriented cylinders were rotated about vertical and horizontal axes. When rotation was about the cylinder's own axis, no boundary cues to shape were introduced. Settings were biased for the disparity and two-frame motion stimuli, while more veridical shape judgements were made under all conditions for combined cue stimuli. These results demonstrate that the improved perception of three-dimensional shape in these stimuli is not a consequence of the presence of object boundary cues, and that the combination of disparity and motion is not restricted to horizontal image motion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3D shape; binocular disparity; motion
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 21:16
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:53

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