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Relations between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior: evidence of moderation by individual difference variables.

Conner, Mark T and Perugini, Marco and O'Gorman, Rick and Ayres, Karen and Prestwich, Andrew (2007) 'Relations between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior: evidence of moderation by individual difference variables.' Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33 (12). 1727 - 1740. ISSN 0146-1672

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Abstract

The moderating role of individual difference variables (Self-Reported Habit Index [SRHI], Need for Cognition [NFC]) on relationships between implicit (Implicit Association Test [IAT], Extrinsic Affective Simon Test [EAST]) or explicit measures of attitude and behavior is assessed in two studies. A dissociation pattern is found on self-report diary measures of behavior. In Study 1, the EAST-behavior relationship is moderated by SRHI; explicit measures of the attitude-behavior relationship are moderated by NFC. In Study 2, the IAT-behavior relationship is moderated by SRHI; explicit measures of the attitude-behavior relationship are moderated by NFC. Higher levels of SRHI and NFC are associated with stronger relationships between the implicit or explicit measures of attitude and the measure of behavior. In Study 2, the SRHI x IAT interaction is replicated for an objective behavior measure. Implications for understanding the relationship between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Predictive Value of Tests, Attitude, Behavior, Food Preferences, Self Disclosure, Psychology, Social, Behavioral Research, Evidence-Based Medicine, User-Computer Interface, Adult, England, Female, Male
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 20:36
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2021 13:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12605

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