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The Roles of Values, Behavior, and Value-Behavior Fit in the Relation of Agency and Communion to Well-Being

Buchanan, Kathryn and Bardi, Anat (2015) 'The Roles of Values, Behavior, and Value-Behavior Fit in the Relation of Agency and Communion to Well-Being.' Journal of Personality, 83 (3). 320 - 333. ISSN 0022-3506

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Abstract

Four studies examined whether agency and communion values, behaviors, or an interaction between values and behaviors (value‐behavior fit) would predict well‐being. In addition, Study 2 examined whether agency and communion goals, behaviors, or goal‐behavior fit would predict well‐being. In all four studies, participants completed online questionnaires containing measures of agency and communion values, behaviors, and well‐being. In Studies 1 and 4, participants were recruited from the general population (respectively, N = 371, Mage = 37.49, and N = 133, Mage = 36.59). In Studies 2 and 3, participants were undergraduate students (respectively, N = 239, Mage = 20.8, and N = 242, Mage = 21.6). All four studies consistently found that agency and communion behaviors were significantly positively correlated with both subjective and psychological well‐being. There was no strong indication that either values were directly associated with well‐being. Neither was there any indication that well‐being was predicted by value‐behavior fit. The implications of these findings for theory and improving well‐being are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2015 11:05
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 13:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12647

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