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Community-based climate change adaptation strategies for integrated prawn-fish-rice farming in Bangladesh to promote social-ecological resilience

Ahmed, Nesar and Bunting, Stuart W and Rahman, Sanzidur and Garforth, Christopher J (2014) 'Community-based climate change adaptation strategies for integrated prawn-fish-rice farming in Bangladesh to promote social-ecological resilience.' Reviews In Aquaculture, 6 (1). pp. 20-35. ISSN 1753-5123

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Abstract

Farming freshwater prawns with fish in rice fields is widespread in the coastal region of southwest Bangladesh because of favourable resources and ecological conditions. This article provides an overview of an ecosystem-based approach to integrated prawn–fish–rice farming in southwest Bangladesh. The practice of prawn and fish farming in rice fields is a form of integrated aquaculture–agriculture, which provides a wide range of social, economic and environmental benefits. Integrated prawn–fish–rice farming plays an important role in the economy of Bangladesh, earning foreign exchange and increasing food production. However, this unique farming system in coastal Bangladesh is particularly vulnerable to climate change. We suggest that community-based adaptation strategies must be developed to cope with the challenges. We propose that integrated prawn–fish–rice farming could be relocated from the coastal region to less vulnerable inland areas, but caution that this will require appropriate adaptation strategies and an enabling institutional environment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bangladesh; climate change adaptation; ecosystem-based management; prawn–fish–rice; resilience
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2015 12:58
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2015 12:58
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12735

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