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Perceived social support and parental education as determinants of adolescents' physical activity and eating behaviour: A cross-sectional survey

Glozah, FN and Pevalin, DJ (2015) 'Perceived social support and parental education as determinants of adolescents' physical activity and eating behaviour: A cross-sectional survey.' International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 27 (3). 253 - 259. ISSN 0334-0139

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Abstract

© 2015 by De Gruyter. Purpose: To examine the role of perceived social support and parental education on physical activity and eating behaviour of Ghanaian adolescents. Methods: Seven hundred and seventy Senior High School students (504 boys and 266 girls) between the ages of 14-21 years participated by completing questionnaires on perceived social support, physical activity and eating behaviour. The highest education attained by either parent or guardian was also obtained. Multivariate analysis of covariance was the main statistical test used to analyse the data. Results: The results showed significant gender differences in physical activity and eating behaviour combined, with boys more likely to engage in physical activity than girls, and girls also more likely to engage in healthy eating behaviour than boys, albeit the effect was not statistically significant. While perceived social support had a significant positive effect on eating behaviour and physical activity, parental education had a significant effect only on eating behaviour but not physical activity. Conclusion: Perceived social support from family coupled with parental education provides more opportunities for adolescents to engage in healthy eating behaviour. Also, parents' educational attainment alone does not necessarily guarantee that adolescents will engage in physical activity; providing the needed social support and conducive home environment is more likely to induce physical activity behaviours. Finally, physical activity and eating behaviour should not be construed as alternative health behaviours as suggested by gender differentials in these health behaviours.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2015 10:58
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2019 05:16
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12833

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