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Trait Versus State

Radtke, T and Inauen, J and Rennie, L and Orbell, S and Scholz, U (2014) 'Trait Versus State.' Zeitschrift f�r Gesundheitspsychologie, 22 (4). pp. 156-164. ISSN 0943-8149

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Abstract

Compensatory health beliefs (CHBs)?beliefs that an unhealthy behavior can be compensated for by a healthy behavior?can be distinguished into trait and state beliefs. Trait CHBs are stable individual differences, whereas state CHBs are activated in a tempting situation?for example, when faced with an attractive snack. The aim of this study was to test whether diet-specific trait or state CHBs are predictive for an unhealthy behavior?namely, high-calorie snack consumption. A scenario was created in which 66 women aged 16 to 50 were faced with a high-calorie snack. Diet-specific trait and state CHBs correlated moderately with each other. Regression analyses revealed that diet-specific trait CHBs with exercise as the compensatory behavior were significantly predictive for high-calorie snack consumption, over and above control variables such as age, whereas state CHBs were only marginally significant. Diet-specific trait and state CHBs with reduced intake (eat less later) as the compensatory behavior were not related to high-calorie snack consumption. Results showed that trait CHBs are relevant for the prediction of high-calorie snack consumption. Future studies might want to further refine the measurement of CHBs, especially state CHBs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: compensatory health beliefs; high-calorie snack consumption; state; trait; compensation; personality; individual differences; situation-specific CHBs; diet-specific CHBs; exercise; reduced intake
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2015 22:46
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:40
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12880

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