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Mood-congruent free recall bias in anxious individuals is not a consequence of response bias

Russo, R and Whittuck, D and Roberson, D and Dutton, K and Georgiou, G and Fox, E (2006) 'Mood-congruent free recall bias in anxious individuals is not a consequence of response bias.' Memory, 14 (4). 393 - 399. ISSN 0965-8211

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Abstract

The status of mood-congruent free recall bias in anxious individuals was evaluated following incidental encoding of target words. Individuals with high and low levels of trait anxiety completed a modified Stroop task, which revealed an attentional bias for threat-related stimuli in anxious individuals. This group was significantly slower in naming the colour in which threat-related words were displayed compared to neutral words. In a subsequent free recall test for the words used in the modified Stroop task, anxious individuals recalled more threat-related words compared to low-anxious people. This difference was significant even when controlling for the false recall of items that had not been presented during study. These results support the view put forward by Russo, Fox, Bellinger, and Nguyen-Van-Tam (2001) that mood-congruent free recall bias in anxious individuals can be observed if the target material is encoded at a relatively shallow level. Moreover, contrary to Dowens and Calvo (2003), the current results show that the memory advantage for threat-related information in anxious individuals is not a consequence of response bias. © 2006 Psychology Press Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2015 16:02
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 16:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/12979

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