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Expanding the universe of categorical syllogisms: A challenge for reasoning researchers

Roberts, Maxwell J (2005) 'Expanding the universe of categorical syllogisms: A challenge for reasoning researchers.' Behavior Research Methods, 37 (4). pp. 560-580. ISSN 1554-351X

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Syllogistic reasoning, in which people identify conclusions from quantified premise pairs, remains a benchmark task whose patterns of data must be accounted for by general theories of deductive reasoning. However, psychologists have confined themselves to administering only the 64 premise pairs historically identified by Aristotle. By utilizing all combinations of negations, the present article identifies an expanded set of 576 premise pairs and gives the valid conclusions that they support. Many of these have interesting properties, and the identification of predictions and their verification will be an important next step for all proponents of such theories. Copyright 2005 Psychonomic Society, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Problem Solving; Logic; Semantics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2015 10:48
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:31

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