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An experimental study of strategy development

Newton, Elizabeth J and Roberts, Maxwell J (2000) 'An experimental study of strategy development.' Memory & Cognition, 28 (4). pp. 565-573. ISSN 0090-502X

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Three experiments are reported in which the strategy usage for a compass point directions task was investigated. For this task, people may use either an efficient cancellation strategy or an inefficient spatial strategy (see Roberts, Gilmore, and Wood, 1997). Experiment 1, together with Experiment 2, showed that users of cancellation are unlikely to have explicit prior knowledge of this strategy; instead they discover it as a result of experience with the task. Experiment 1 also showed that strategy selection is unlikely to be based on stylistic preferences, and that reducing the cognitive demands of the task does not increase the discovery of cancellation. Experiment 3 showed that evaluation of strategy validity is also of importance: Unsuccessful evaluation may prevent the selection of a newly discovered strategy, even if it is the more efficient method.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Orientation; Individuality; Problem Solving; Concept Formation; Attention; Adult; Female; Male
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2015 15:50
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 22:52

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