Research Repository

Reversing the picture superiority effect: A speed—accuracy trade-off study of recognition memory

Boldini, Angela and Russo, Riccardo and Punia, Sahiba and Avons, SE (2007) 'Reversing the picture superiority effect: A speed—accuracy trade-off study of recognition memory.' Memory & Cognition, 35 (1). pp. 113-123. ISSN 0090-502X

Full text not available from this repository.


Speed-accuracy trade-off methods have been used to contrast single- and dual-process accounts of recognition memory. With these procedures, subjects are presented with individual test items and required to make recognition decisions under various time constraints. In three experiments, we presented words and pictures to be intentionally learned; test stimuli were always visually presented words. At test, we manipulated the interval between the presentation of each test stimulus and that of a response signal, thus controlling the amount of time available to retrieve target information. The standard picture superiority effect was significant in long response deadline conditions (i.e., ≥2.000 msec). Conversely, a significant reverse picture superiority effect emerged at short response-signal deadlines (<200 msec). The results are congruent with views suggesting that both fast familiarity and slower recollection processes contribute to recognition memory. Alternative accounts are also discussed. Copyright 2007 Psychonomic Society, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Memory; Reaction Time; Recognition, Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2015 14:57
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 22:52

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item