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Spacing effects in cued-memory tasks for unfamiliar faces and nonwords

Mammarella, N and Russo, R and Avons, SE (2002) 'Spacing effects in cued-memory tasks for unfamiliar faces and nonwords.' Memory and Cognition, 30 (8). 1238 - 1251. ISSN 0090-502X

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Abstract

Memory for repeated items improves as the interval between repetitions in a list increases (the spacing effect). This study investigated the spacing effect in recognition memory and in a frequency judgment task for unfamiliar target faces that were repeated in the same or in a different pose during incidental learning. Changing the pose between prime and probe trials reduced perceptual repetition priming in a structural discrimination task and also reduced the spacing effect in a subsequent unexpected recognition memory task. Three further experiments confirmed that the spacing effect in recognition memory (Experiments 2 and 4) or frequency judgment (Experiment 3) was reduced when the pose was changed between repeated presentations at study. Similarly, with nonwords as targets (Experiment 5), changing the font between repeated occurrences of targets at study removed the spacing effect in a subsequent unexpected recognition memory test. These results are interpreted to support the view that short-term perceptual repetition priming underlies the spacing effect in explicit cued-memory tasks for unfamiliar nonsense material.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 15:29
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 16:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13120

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