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Toward a unified account of spacing effects in explicit cued-memory tasks.

Russo, Riccardo and Mammarella, Nicola and Avons, SE (2002) 'Toward a unified account of spacing effects in explicit cued-memory tasks.' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 28 (5). pp. 819-829. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Memory for repeated items improves when presentations are spaced during study. This effect is found in memory tasks using different types of material, paradigms, and participant populations. Although several explanations have been proposed, none explains the presence of spacing effects in cued-memory tasks for unfamiliar stimuli. Two experiments assessed the spacing effect on a yes-no recognition-memory task using nonwords and words as targets. The main results showed that changing the font between repeated occurrences of targets at study removed the spacing effect for nonwords only. A 3rd experiment using lexical decision showed that the font manipulation reduced repetition priming of nonwords when items were repeated at Lag 0. These results suggest that short-term perceptual priming supports spacing effects in cued-memory tasks for unfamiliar stimuli.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Analysis of Variance; Cues; Memory; Mental Recall; Paired-Associate Learning; Form Perception; Space Perception; Task Performance and Analysis; Language Tests; Word Association Tests; Time Factors; Female; Male
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 15:19
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:31
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13122

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