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Evidence for Age-Related Equivalence in the Directed Forgetting Paradigm

Gamboz, N and Russo, R (2002) Evidence for Age-Related Equivalence in the Directed Forgetting Paradigm. In: UNSPECIFIED, ? - ?, United States.

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The directed forgetting paradigm involves, under particular experimental circumstances, inhibitory mechanisms, which operate to the successful forgetting of irrelevant words. The item-by-item cueing method (e.g., Basden & Basden, 1996) was used to investigate the directed forgetting effect in young and old adults. Processing of the experimental words was manipulated between subjects by asking participants to perform either a deep or a shallow orienting task on each word of the study list before the occurrence of the cue (to remember of to forget). Results indicated that the instruction to process deeply both to-be-remembered and to-be-forgotten words led to equivalent directed forgetting effects in young and old adults. These results are discussed with respect to the implications they have for the Inhibitory Deficit theory (e.g., Hasher & Zacks, 1988), which suggests that cognitive aging is mainly characterized by a reduction in the efficiency of inhibitory processes. © 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: Published proceedings: Brain and Cognition
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Memory Disorders; Severity of Illness Index; Random Allocation; Neuropsychological Tests; Age Factors; Adult; Aged
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 15:31
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:11

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