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Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety?

Fox, E and Russo, R and Bowles, R and Dutton, K (2001) 'Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety?' Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130 (4). 681 - 700. ISSN 0096-3445

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Abstract

Biases in information processing undoubtedly play an important role in the maintenance of emotion and emotional disorders. In an attentional cueing paradigm, threat words and angry faces had no advantage over positive or neutral words (or faces) in attracting attention to their own location, even for people who were highly state-anxious. In contrast, the presence of threatening cues (words and faces) had a strong impact on the disengagement of attention. When a threat cue was presented and a target subsequently presented in another location, high state-anxious individuals took longer to detect the target relative to when either a positive or a neutral cue was presented. It is concluded that threat-related stimuli affect attentional dwell time and the disengage component of attention, leaving the question of whether threat stimuli affect the shift component of attention open to debate.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 16:08
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2018 01:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13132

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