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Revising current two-process accounts of spacing effects in memory.

Russo, Riccardo and Parkin, Alan J and Taylor, Sandra R and Wilks, Jacqueline (1998) 'Revising current two-process accounts of spacing effects in memory.' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 24 (1). pp. 161-172. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Memory for repeated items improves when presentations are spaced during study. In Experiment 1A, words were repeated either immediately or after 6 intervening items. Intentional learning occurred under either focused or divided attention. Retention was tested by either free recall or yes-no recognition. Divided attention did not affect the influence of spacing in free recall, whereas it removed the spacing effect in recognition. In Experiment 1B, recognition memory was tested after incidental semantic study of words performed under either focused or divided attention. An equivalent spacing effect occurred in both attentional conditions. In Experiments 2 and 3, recognition memory for unfamiliar faces was assessed. A reliable spacing effect was found under both intentional learning and incidental structural study. These data are, collectively, incompatible with current theories of spacing effects. A theoretical proposal to account for these new findings is outlined.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Memory; Attention; Time Factors; Semantics; Vocabulary
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 15:34
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:31
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13160

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