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Output order in immediate serial recall

Tan, L and Ward, G (2007) 'Output order in immediate serial recall.' Memory and Cognition, 35 (5). 1093 - 1106. ISSN 0090-502X

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Abstract

In two experiments, we examined the effect of output order in immediate serial recall (ISR). In Experiment 1, three groups of participants saw lists of eight words and wrote down the words in the rows corresponding to their serial positions in an eight-row response grid. One group was precued to respond in forward order, a second group was precued to respond in any order, and a third group was postcued for response order. There were significant effects of output order, but not of cue type. Relative to the forward output order, the free output order led to enhanced recency and diminished primacy, with superior performance for words output early in recall. These results were replicated in Experiment 2 using six-item lists, which further suggests that output order plays an important role in the primacy effect in ISR and that the recency items are most highly accessible at recall. Copyright 2007 Psychonomic Society, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 12:20
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 11:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13206

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