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Age-related deficits in free recall: The role of rehearsal

Ward, G and Maylor, EA (2005) 'Age-related deficits in free recall: The role of rehearsal.' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A: Human Experimental Psychology, 58 (1). 98 - 119. ISSN 0272-4987

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Abstract

Age-related deficits have been consistently observed in free recall. Recent accounts of episodic memory suggest that these deficits could result from differential patterns of rehearsal. In the present study, 20 young and 20 older adults (mean ages 21 and 72 years, respectively) were presented with lists of 20 words for immediate free recall using the overt rehearsal methodology. The young outperformed the older adults at all serial positions. There were significant age-related differences in the patterns of overt rehearsals: Young adults rehearsed a greater number of different words than did older adults, they rehearsed words to more recent serial positions, and their rehearsals were more widely distributed throughout the list. Consistent with a recency-based account of episodic memory, age deficits in free recall are largely attributable to age differences in the recency, frequency, and distribution of rehearsals.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2015 20:45
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 11:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13212

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