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Age-Related Deficits in Free Recall: The Role of Rehearsal

Ward, Geoff and Maylor, Elizabeth A (2005) 'Age-Related Deficits in Free Recall: The Role of Rehearsal.' The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 58 (1). pp. 98-119. ISSN 0272-4987

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<jats:p> Age-related deficits have been consistently observed in free recall. Recent accounts of episodic memory suggest that these deficits could result from differential patterns of rehearsal. In the present study, 20 young and 20 older adults (mean ages 21 and 72 years, respectively) were presented with lists of 20 words for immediate free recall using the overt rehearsal methodology. The young outperformed the older adults at all serial positions. There were significant age-related differences in the patterns of overt rehearsals: Young adults rehearsed a greater number of different words than did older adults, they rehearsed words to more recent serial positions, and their rehearsals were more widely distributed throughout the list. Consistent with a recency-based account of episodic memory, age deficits in free recall are largely attributable to age differences in the recency, frequency, and distribution of rehearsals. </jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Memory Disorders; Learning; Mental Recall; Age Factors; Periodicity; Aging; Vocabulary; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2015 20:45
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:56

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