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Using overt rehearsals to explain word frequency effects in free recall.

Ward, Geoff and Woodward, Graham and Stevens, Anna and Stinson, Clare (2003) 'Using overt rehearsals to explain word frequency effects in free recall.' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29 (2). pp. 186-210. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Three experiments examined the word frequency effect in free recall using the overt rehearsal methodology. Experiment 1 showed that lists of exclusively high-frequency (HF) words were better recalled, were rehearsed more, and were rehearsed to more recent serial positions than low-frequency (LF) words. A small HF advantage remained even when these 2 variables were equated. Experiment 2 showed that all these effects were much reduced with mixed lists containing both HF and LF words. Experiment 3 compared pure and mixed lists in a within-subject design and confirmed the findings of Experiments 1 and 2. It is argued that number of rehearsals, recency of rehearsals, and strength of interitem associations cause the word frequency effect in free recall.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Mental Recall; Verbal Learning; Serial Learning; Psycholinguistics; Semantics; Adolescent; Adult; Female; Male; Practice, Psychological; Retention, Psychology; Set, Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2015 20:33
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:55
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13222

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