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Using Overt Rehearsals to Explain Word Frequency Effects in Free Recall

Ward, G and Woodward, G and Stevens, A and Stinson, C (2003) 'Using Overt Rehearsals to Explain Word Frequency Effects in Free Recall.' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 29 (2). 186 - 210. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Three experiments examined the word frequency effect in free recall using the overt rehearsal methodology. Experiment 1 showed that lists of exclusively high-frequency (HF) words were better recalled, were rehearsed more, and were rehearsed to more recent serial positions than low-frequency (LF) words. A small HF advantage remained even when these 2 variables were equated. Experiment 2 showed that all these effects were much reduced with mixed lists containing both HF and LF words. Experiment 3 compared pure and mixed lists in a within-subject design and confirmed the findings of Experiments 1 and 2. It is argued that number of rehearsals, recency of rehearsals, and strength of interitem associations cause the word frequency effect in free recall.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2015 20:33
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:38
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13222

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