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A recency-based account of the primacy effect in free recall.

Tan, Lydia and Ward, Geoff (2000) 'A recency-based account of the primacy effect in free recall.' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26 (6). pp. 1589-1625. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Seven experiments investigated the role of rehearsal in free recall to determine whether accounts of recency effects based on the ratio rule could be extended to provide an account of primacy effects based on the number, distribution, and recency of the rehearsals of the study items. Primacy items were rehearsed more often and further toward the end of the list than middle items, particularly with a slow presentation rate (Experiment 1) and with high-frequency words (Experiment 2). Recency, but not primacy, was reduced by a filled delay (Experiment 3), although significant recency survived a filled retention interval when a fixed-rehearsal strategy was used (Experiment 4). Experimenter-presented schedules of rehearsals resulted in similar serial position curves to those observed with participant-generated rehearsals (Experiment 5) and were used to confirm the main findings in Experiments 6 and 7.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Mental Recall; Task Performance and Analysis; Time Factors; Adolescent; Adult; Female; Male
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2015 09:13
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:56
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13228

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