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The effect of elevated CO2 on growth and competition in experimental phytoplankton communities

LOW-DÉCARIE, ETIENNE and FUSSMANN, GREGOR F and BELL, GRAHAM (2011) 'The effect of elevated CO2 on growth and competition in experimental phytoplankton communities.' Global Change Biology, 17 (8). pp. 2525-2535. ISSN 1354-1013

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We report an experiment designed to identify the effect of elevated CO 2 on species of phytoplankton in a simple laboratory system. Major taxa of phytoplankton differ in their ability to take up CO 2, which might lead to predictable changes in the growth rate of species and thereby shifts in the composition of phytoplankton communities in response to rising CO 2. Six species of phytoplankton belonging to three major taxa (cyanobacteria, diatoms and chlorophytes) were cultured in atmospheres whose CO 2 concentration was gradually increased from ambient levels to 1000 parts per million over about 100 generations and then maintained for a further 200 generations at elevated CO 2. The experimental design allowed us to trace a predictive sequence, from physiological features to the growth response of species to elevated CO 2 in pure culture, from the growth response in pure culture to competitive ability in pairwise mixtures and from pairwise competitive ability to shifts in the relative abundance of species in the full community of all six species. CO 2 altered the dynamics of growth in a fashion consistent with known differences among major taxa in their ability to take up and use CO 2. This pure-culture response was partly successful in predicting the outcome of competition in pairwise mixtures, especially the enhanced competitive ability of chlorophytes relative to cyanobacteria, although generally statistical support was weak. The competitive response in pairwise mixtures was a good predictor of changes in competitive ability in the full community. Hence, there is a potential for forging a logical chain of inferences for predicting how phytoplankton communities will respond to elevated CO 2. Clearly further extensive experiments will be required to validate this approach in the greater complexity found in diverse communities and environments of natural systems. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: competition coefficient; ecological response; global change; photosynthesis; taxonomic group
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2015 16:44
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:45

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