Research Repository

Mechanisms of Selective Attention in Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Yiend, J and Mathews, A and Burns, T and Dutton, K and Fernández-Martín, A and Georgiou, GA and Luckie, M and Rose, A and Russo, R and Fox, E (2015) 'Mechanisms of Selective Attention in Generalized Anxiety Disorder.' Clinical Psychological Science, 3 (5). 758 - 771. ISSN 2167-7026

[img]
Preview
Text
emss-65676.pdf

Download (534kB) | Preview

Abstract

© 2014, © The Author(s) 2014. A well-established literature has identified different selective attentional orienting mechanisms underlying anxiety-related attentional bias, such as engagement and disengagement of attention. These mechanisms are thought to contribute to the onset and maintenance of anxiety disorders. However, conclusions to date have relied heavily on experimental work from subclinical samples. We therefore investigated individuals with diagnosed generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), healthy volunteers, and individuals with high trait anxiety (but not meeting GAD diagnostic criteria). Across two experiments we found faster disengagement from negative (angry and fearful) faces in GAD groups, an effect opposite to that expected on the basis of the subclinical literature. Together these data challenge current assumptions that we can generalize, to those with GAD, the pattern of selective attentional orienting to threat found in subclinical groups. We suggest a decisive two-stage experiment identifying stimuli of primary salience in GAD, then using these to reexamine orienting mechanisms across groups.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Users 161 not found.
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2015 10:05
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 16:19
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13329

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item