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DR4 specific TRAIL variants are more efficacious than wild-type TRAIL in pancreatic cancer

Yu, R and Albarenque, SM and Cool, RH and Quax, WJ and Mohr, A and Zwacka, RM (2014) 'DR4 specific TRAIL variants are more efficacious than wild-type TRAIL in pancreatic cancer.' Cancer Biology and Therapy, 15 (12). 1658 - 1666. ISSN 1538-4047

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Abstract

© 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Current treatment modalities for pancreatic carcinoma afford only modest survival benefits. TRAIL, as a potent and specific inducer of apoptosis in cancer cells, would be a promising new treatment option. However, since not all pancreatic cancer cells respond to TRAIL, further improvements and optimizations are still needed. One strategy to improve the effectiveness of TRAIL-based therapies is to specifically target one of the 2 cell death inducing TRAILreceptors, TRAIL-R1 or TRAIL-R2 to overcome resistance. To this end, we designed constructs expressing soluble TRAIL (sTRAIL) variants that were rendered specific for either TRAIL-R1 or TRAIL-R2 by amino acid changes in the TRAIL ectodomain. When we expressed these constructs, including wild-type sTRAIL (sTRAILwt), TRAIL-R1 (sTRAILDR4) and TRAIL-R2 (sTRAILDR5) specific variants, in 293 producer cells we found all to be readily expressed and secreted into the supernatant. These supernatants were subsequently transferred onto target cancer cells and apoptosis measured. We found that the TRAIL-R1 specific variant had higher apoptosis-inducing activity in human pancreatic carcinoma Colo357 cells as well as PancTu1 cells that were additionally sensitized by targeting of XIAP. Finally, we tested TRAIL-R1 specific recombinant TRAIL protein (rTRAILDR4) on Colo357 xenografts in nude mice and found them to be more efficacious than rTRAILwt. Our results demonstrate the benefits of synthetic biological approaches and show that TRAIL-R1 specific variants can potentially enhance the therapeutic efficacy of TRAIL-based therapies in pancreatic cancer, suggesting that they can possibly become part of individualized and tumor speci fic combination treatments in the future.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Ralf Zwacka
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2015 12:50
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2019 09:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13390

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