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Does debt affect health? Cross country evidence on the debt-health nexus

Clayton, Maya and Liñares-Zegarra, José and Wilson, John OS (2015) 'Does debt affect health? Cross country evidence on the debt-health nexus.' Social Science and Medicine, 130. 51 - 58. ISSN 0277-9536

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Abstract

We investigate the relationship between aggregate household debt and aggregate health outcomes across 17 European countries over the period 1995 to 2012. Using a dataset of country-level standardized and objective measures of household debt, health outcomes and a rich set of control variables, we estimate an instrumental variable (GMM) model to address possible reverse causality concerns. We find that aggregate household debt affects health outcomes, and that this varies by the maturity of debt. Both short and medium-term debt has a positive effect on health outcomes. Long-term unsecured debt and mortgage debt are associated with poorer health outcomes. These findings are robust after controlling for alternative measures of health and debt. Overall, the results suggest that aggregate household debt is an important determinant of aggregate health outcomes across countries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Europe, Debt burden, Debt maturity, Health outcomes, Generalized methods of moments, Cross-country data
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School > Essex Finance Centre
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2015 09:06
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2019 14:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13512

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