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Forging political entrepreneurs: Civil war effects on post-conflict politics in Italy

Costalli, Stefano and Ruggeri, Andrea (2015) 'Forging political entrepreneurs: Civil war effects on post-conflict politics in Italy.' Political Geography, 44. 40 - 49. ISSN 0962-6298

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Abstract

How does violent mobilization affect post-conflict elections? This article studies the impact that violent collective mobilization has on local electoral behavior after domestic conflict. We argue that post-conflict democratic politics at the local level can be dramatically affected by local experience of civil war. The use of violence during the war and especially local political entrepreneurs who have emerged from the conflict can influence post-violent politics. We use as case-study the civil war that took place in Italy during the last phase of World War II. Using new spatially disaggregated data on armed groups' location and violent episodes, we assess the impact of the violent mobilization on the 1946 elections, which took place after the conflict. We find that partisans' mobilization and, more weakly, Nazi-Fascist violent acts influenced local politics, shifting votes towards more radical positions. Our findings hold across numerous robustness checks.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Post-conflict, Violence, Italy, Civil war, Political behavior, GIS
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2015 09:25
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2015 09:25
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/13575

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