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Barriers to Coordination? Examining the Impact of Culture on International Mediation Occurrence and Effectiveness

Bakaki, Zorzeta and Böhmelt, Tobias and Bove, Vincenzo (2016) 'Barriers to Coordination? Examining the Impact of Culture on International Mediation Occurrence and Effectiveness.' Political Studies, 64 (3). pp. 492-512. ISSN 0032-3217

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‘Culture’ features prominently in the literature on international mediation: if belligerents share cultural characteristics, they are likely to have a common understanding and norms. This creates a common identity and makes coordination less costly, which ultimately facilitates mediation occurrence and effectiveness. Surprisingly, existing quantitative research largely neglects any cultural ties the antagonists might share with the mediator. This article addresses this gap by offering one of the first joint analyses of fighting parties’ and mediators’ culture – and the interaction thereof. Based on existing work, a theoretical framework for mediation occurrence and effectiveness is developed and innovative measures for belligerents’ cultural ties and the links to the mediator are used. Contrary to expectations the results suggest that larger cultural distances between antagonists make mediation more likely, while cultural dissimilarities between them and the mediator have the opposite effect. Evidence is also found for a conditional effect between the two culture variables on mediation occurrence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: culture, international mediation, mediation occurrence, mediation effectiveness, quantitative analysis
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 May 2015 15:05
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:20

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