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Association between habitual school travel and muscular fitness in youth

Cohen, Daniel and Ogunleye, Ayodele A and Taylor, Matthew and Voss, Christine and Micklewright, Dominic and Sandercock, Gavin RH (2014) 'Association between habitual school travel and muscular fitness in youth.' Preventive Medicine, 67. pp. 216-220. ISSN 0091-7435

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Abstract

Objective: To determine whether active school travel is associated with muscular fitness, which is an emerging marker of youth health. Methods: Handgrip strength, vertical jump and vertical jump peak power were measured in n=6829 English schoolchildren (53% males, age 12.9 ± 1.2. years) between 2007 and 2011. Participants were grouped according to self-reported habitual school travel modality. Results: Cyclists had greater handgrip strength than passive travelers. Vertical jump height was greater in walkers and cyclists compared with passive travelers. Jump peak power was also higher in walkers than in the passive travel group. Compared with passive travelers, cyclists had a higher (age, sex and BMI-adjusted) likelihood of good handgrip strength (OR 1.42, 95%CI;1.14-1.76) and walkers were more likely to have good measures for vertical jump peak power (OR 1.14, 95%CI;1.00-1.29). Cyclists' likelihood of having good handgrip strength remained significantly higher when adjusted for physical activity (OR 1.29, 95%CI;1.08-1.46). Conclusion: Muscular fitness differs according to school travel habits. Cycling is independently associated with better handgrip strength perhaps due to the physical demands of the activity. Better muscular fitness may provide another health-related reason to encourage active school travel. © 2014.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Handgrip; Peak power; Cycling; Active travel; Physical activity; Adolescents; Children
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2015 11:32
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:32
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/14137

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