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A Texas Peasantry? Black Smallholders in the Texas Sugar Bowl, 1865–1890

Kelley, Sean (2007) 'A Texas Peasantry? Black Smallholders in the Texas Sugar Bowl, 1865–1890.' Slavery & Abolition, 28 (2). pp. 193-209. ISSN 0144-039X

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Abstract

This article examines a small community of former slaves in Texas's leading sugar-producing county and argues that local conditions fostered the growth of a Caribbean-style ‘reconstituted peasantry’. Using local sources to compile a database of 79 African American landowners, it traces the postwar decline of the sugar plantations, the process of black land acquisition and the smallholders' strategies for survival. The smallholders' position, however, was precarious, and most lost their lands at the close of the nineteenth century. The piece concludes by suggesting that more intensive local research into former-slave communities may force a reconsideration of the notion that all American slaves became landless wage labourers. © 2007 Taylor & Francis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: E History America > E151 United States (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities
Faculty of Humanities > History, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2015 12:52
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2022 15:27
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/14817

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