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Trust, cooperation, and equality: A psychological analysis of the formation of social capital

Cozzolino, Philip J (2011) 'Trust, cooperation, and equality: A psychological analysis of the formation of social capital.' British Journal of Social Psychology, 50 (2). pp. 302-320. ISSN 0144-6665

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Research suggests that in modern Western culture there is a positive relationship between the equality of resources and the formation of trust and cooperation, two psychological components of social capital. Two studies elucidate the psychological processes underlying that relationship. Study 1 experimentally tested the influence of resource distributions on the formation of trust and intentions to cooperate; individuals receiving a deficit of resources and a surplus of resources evidenced lower levels of social capital (i.e., trust and cooperation) than did individuals receiving equal amounts. Analyses revealed the process was affective for deficit participants and cognitive for surplus participants. Study 2 provided suggestive support for the affective-model of equality and social capital using proxy variables in the 1996 General Social Survey data set. Results suggest support for a causal path of unequal resource distributions generating affective experiences and cognitive concerns of justice, which mediate disengagement and distrust of others. © 2010 The British Psychological Society.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Cooperative Behavior; Trust; Social Class; Social Support; Adolescent; Adult; Midwestern United States; Female; Male; Young Adult; Surveys and Questionnaires
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2011 10:18
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 00:22

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