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The Embodiment of Success and Failure as Forward versus Backward Movements

Robinson, Michael D and Fetterman, Adam K (2015) 'The Embodiment of Success and Failure as Forward versus Backward Movements.' PLOS ONE, 10 (2). e0117285-e0117285. ISSN 1932-6203

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People often speak of success (e.g., “advance”) and failure (e.g., “setback”) as if they were forward versus backward movements through space. Two experiments sought to examine whether grounded associations of this type influence motor behavior. In Experiment 1, participants categorized success versus failure words by moving a joystick forward or backward. Failure categorizations were faster when moving backward, whereas success categorizations were faster when moving forward. Experiment 2 removed the requirement to categorize stimuli and used a word rehearsal task instead. Even without Experiment 1’s response procedures, a similar cross-over interaction was obtained (e.g., failure memorizations sped backward movements relative to forward ones). The findings are novel yet consistent with theories of embodied cognition and self-regulation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2015 14:29
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2022 00:32

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