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Article Addendum: Ecocultural basis of cognition: Farmers and fishermen are more holistic than herders

Uskul, Ayse K and Kitayama, Shinobu and Nisbett, Richard E (2008) 'Article Addendum: Ecocultural basis of cognition: Farmers and fishermen are more holistic than herders.' Communicative & Integrative Biology, 40 (1). pp. 40-41. ISSN 1942-0889

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Abstract

It has been hypothesized that interdependent (versus independent) social orientations breed more holistic (versus analytic) cognitions. If so, farming and small-scale fishing, which require more cooperation (and represent a more interdependent mode of being) than does herding, may encourage a more holistic mode of cognition. To test this hypothesis we compared responses to tasks measuring categorization, reasoning, and attention by members of herding, fishing, and farming communities in the eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. The samples did not differ from each other in important demographic variables such as nationality, ethnicity, language, and religion, as well as age and education. As hypothesized, in all three tasks, results indicated a greater degree of holistic mode of cognition exhibited by the members of fishing and farming communities than members of herding communities. The findings support the notion that level of special interdependence fostered by ecocultural settings is likely to shape the ways in which individuals perceive and attend to their surrounding world.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: social interdependence Turkey Black Sea cultural psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2011 10:19
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2011 10:19
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1512

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