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Power versus affiliation in political ideology: Robust linguistic evidence for distinct motivational signatures

Fetterman, Adam K and Boyd, Ryan L and Robinson, Michael D (2015) 'Power versus affiliation in political ideology: Robust linguistic evidence for distinct motivational signatures.' Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41 (9). pp. 1195-1206. ISSN 0146-1672

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Abstract

Posited motivational differences between liberals and conservatives have historically been controversial. This motivational interface has recently been bridged, but the vast majority of studies have used self-reports of values or motivation. Instead, the present four studies investigated whether two classic social motive themes – power and affiliation – vary by political ideology in objective linguistic analysis terms. Study 1 found that posts to liberal chat rooms scored higher in standardized affiliation than power, whereas the reverse was true of posts to conservative chat rooms. Study 2 replicated this pattern in the context of materials posted to liberal versus conservative political news websites. Studies 3 and 4, finally, replicated a similar interactive (ideology by motive type) pattern in State of the State and State of the Union addresses. Differences in political ideology, these results suggest, are marked by, and likely reflective of, mindsets favoring affiliation (liberal) or power (conservative).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: political ideology; affiliation; power; language; content analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Adam Fetterman
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2015 11:36
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2015 11:36
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/15645

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