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The molecular diversity of the methanogenic community in a hypereutrophic freshwater lake determined by PCR-RFLP

Whitby, C and Earl, J and Lanyon, C and Gray, S and Robinson, J and Meadows, J and Edwards, C (2004) 'The molecular diversity of the methanogenic community in a hypereutrophic freshwater lake determined by PCR-RFLP.' Journal of Applied Microbiology, 97 (5). 973 - 984. ISSN 1364-5072

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Aims: To combine database-held sequence information with a programme of experimental molecular ecology to define the methanogenic community of a hypereutrophic lake by a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Methods and Results: Methanogen diversity in a hypereutrophic freshwater lake was analysed using 16S rDNA PCR-RFLP. Database-held 16S rRNA gene sequences for 76 diverse methanogens were analysed for specific restriction sites that permitted unequivocal differentiation of methanogens. Restriction digestion and agarose gel electrophoresis of the 16S rDNA from selected methanogen pure cultures generated observed restriction profiles that corroborated the expected patterns. This method was then tested by analysing methanogen diversity in samples obtained over 1 year from sediment and water samples taken from the same sampling site. Conclusions: Restriction analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences from 157 methanogen clones generated from lakewater and sediment samples showed that over 50% were similar to Methanoculleus spp. Furthermore, a total of 16 RFLP types (1-16) were identified, eight of which contained no cultured representative archaeal 16S rRNA gene sequences. Significance and Impact of the Study: This RFLP strategy provides a robust and reliable means to rapidly identify methanogens in the environment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2017 08:21
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2019 23:17

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