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Pacing Behavior and Tactical Positioning in 500- and 1000-m Short-Track Speed Skating

Noorbergen, Olaf S and Konings, Marco J and Micklewright, Dominic and Elferink-Gemser, Marije T and Hettinga, Florentina J (2016) 'Pacing Behavior and Tactical Positioning in 500- and 1000-m Short-Track Speed Skating.' International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11 (6). 742 - 748. ISSN 1555-0265

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Abstract

Purpose: To explore pacing behavior and tactical positioning during the shorter 500- and 1000-m short-track competitions. Methods: Lap times and intermediate rankings of elite 500- and 1000-m short-track-skating competitors were collected over the 2012–13 season. First, lap times were analyzed using a MANOVA, and for each lap, differences between sex, race type, final ranking, and stage of competition were determined. Second, Kendall tau-b correlations were used to assess relationships between intermediate and final rankings. In addition, intermediate rankings of the winner of each race were examined. Results: Top-placed athletes appeared faster than bottom-placed athletes in every lap in the 500-m, while in the 1000-m no differences were found until the final 4 laps (P < .05). Correlations between intermediate and final rankings were already high at the beginning stages of the 50-m (lap 1: r = .59) but not for the 1000-m (lap 1: r = .21). Conclusions: Although 500- and 1000-m short-track races are both relatively short, fundamental differences in pacing behavior and tactical positioning were found. A fast-start strategy seems to be optimal for 500-m races, while the crucial segment in 1000-m races seems to be from the 6th lap to the finish line (ie, after ± 650 m). These findings provide evidence to suggest that athletes balance between choosing an energetically optimal profile and the tactical and positional benefits that play a role when riding against an opponent, as well as contributing to developing novel insights in exploring athletic behavior when racing against opponents.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: elite athletes, interpersonal competition, race analysis, opponents, decision making
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2016 20:31
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2018 13:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/15975

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