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Vitalizing effects of being outdoors and in nature

Ryan, Richard M and Weinstein, Netta and Bernstein, Jessey and Brown, Kirk Warren and Mistretta, Louis and Gagné, Marylène (2010) 'Vitalizing effects of being outdoors and in nature.' Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30 (2). pp. 159-168. ISSN 02724944

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Abstract

Five studies utilizing survey, experimental, and diary methods assessed the effects of being outdoors on subjective vitality. In Study 1, we used a vignette method to examine whether being outdoors was associated with vitality, above and beyond the influences of physical activity and social interactions. Study 2 explored the effects of being outdoors on vitality through an experimental design contrasting indoor and outdoor walks. In Study 3, participants were exposed to photographic scenes of either nature or buildings. Results showed that only the nature scenes enhanced subjective vitality. Studies 4 and 5 used a diary methodology to examine within-person variations in subjective energy as a function of being outdoors, again controlling for physical and social activity. Being outdoors was associated with greater vitality, a relation that was mediated by the presence of natural elements. Limitations of these studies are discussed, as well as their implications for research on energy and vitalization.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vitality; Nature; Restoration; Energy
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2011 16:02
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2011 16:02
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1615

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