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Distinctive shapes benefit short-term memory for color associations, but not for color

DELVENNE, J-F and DENT, K (2008) 'Distinctive shapes benefit short-term memory for color associations, but not for color.' Perception & Psychophysics, 70 (6). pp. 1024-1031. ISSN 0031-5117

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Abstract

In four experiments, we examined the effect of pairing colors with either homogeneous or heterogeneous shapes on a short-term memory task. In Experiment 1, we found no differences in color memory for displays in which colors were each associated with different shapes, paired with individual homogeneous shapes, or paired with heterogeneous shapes. In contrast, in Experiment 2, we found that when participants were asked to remember the specific pairings of colors, memory was improved for heterogeneous-shape displays. The benefit for heterogeneous shapes appears to be memorial, rather than one that occurs at the time of encoding (Experiment 3) or retrieval (Experiment 4). The present study suggests that distinctive shapes can be used to help bind color associations in visual short-term memory. Copyright 2008 Psychonomic Society, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Association; Memory, Short-Term; Color Perception; Reaction Time; Visual Acuity; Adolescent; Adult; Female; Male
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2011 16:43
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 13:29
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1629

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