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Exploring the memory advantage for moving scenes

Matthews, William J and Buratto, Luciano G and Lamberts, Koen (2010) 'Exploring the memory advantage for moving scenes.' Visual Cognition, 18 (10). pp. 1393-1419. ISSN 1350-6285

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Abstract

Recognition memory is better for moving images than for static images (the dynamic superiority effect), and performance is best when the mode of presentation at test matches that at study (the study–test congruence effect). We investigated the basis for these effects. In Experiment 1, dividing attention during encoding reduced overall performance but had little effect on the dynamic superiority or study–test congruence effects. In addition, these effects were not limited to scenes depicting faces. In Experiment 2, movement improved both old–new recognition and scene orientation judgements. In Experiment 3, movement improved the recognition of studied scenes but also increased the spurious recognition of novel scenes depicting the same people as studied scenes, suggesting that movement increases the identification of individual objects or actors without necessarily improving the retrieval of associated information. We discuss the theoretical implications of these results and highlight directions for future investigation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attention; Dynamic superiority effect; Image reversal; Moving scenes; Scene memory; Similarity
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2011 16:20
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2011 16:20
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1666

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