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What constrains grammatical gender effects on semantic judgements? Evidence from Portuguese

Ramos, S and Roberson, D (2011) 'What constrains grammatical gender effects on semantic judgements? Evidence from Portuguese.' Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23 (1). pp. 102-111. ISSN 2044-5911

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Abstract

Four studies investigated whether grammatical gender biases the semantic judgements of Portuguese speakers, relative to speakers of English. Some research reports that grammatical gender has a pervasive influence on speakers? cognitive representations (e.g., Boroditsky, Schmidt, & Philips, 2003; Sera, Elieff, Forbes, Burch, & Rodriguez, 2002). Others argue that effects of grammar arise through linguistic processing (e.g., Vigliocco, Vinson, Paganelli, & Dworzynski, 2005) and are restricted to animate categories for which gender is a pertinent feature. The present results found effects of gender in Portuguese speakers? judgements of inanimate objects, but only when gender was task relevant and/or when the stimuli were words, rather than pictures. These findings support the view that gender effects on cognitive judgements arise as a function of linguistic processing and/or task demands, rather than directly influencing conceptual or semantic representations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Grammatical gender; Portuguese; Semantic judgements
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2011 19:44
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 01:04
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1680

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